Santa Fe
The City Different

Santa Fe (New Mexico), city, capital of New Mexico, and seat of Santa Fe County, on the Santa Fe River, in the north central part of the state. A year-round tourist center situated near the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, the city is particularly noted for its Indian and Spanish-style handicrafts. Other manufactures include nuclear instruments and dishware. Among the points of interest here are the Palace of the Governors (1610); the State Capitol (1966); the San Miguel Mission (1610, reconstructed early 18th century); the French-Romanesque-style Cathedral of Saint Francis (begun 1869); four State of New Mexico museums; the Museum of Fine Arts (1917); the Museum of International Folk Art (1952); and the Museum of Indian Arts and Culture (1987). The city is the seat of the College of Santa Fe (1947), Saint John's College at Santa Fe (1964), the Institute of American Indian Arts (1962), a community college, and the New Mexico School for the Deaf. Performing groups include the Santa Fe Opera, the Orchestra of Santa Fe, and the Community Theatre.

The region of Santa Fe, then occupied by the Tewa Indians, was explored (1540) by Francisco V·squez de Coronado for the Spanish crown. Colonization began in 1598, and Santa Fe was founded (1610) to serve as the capital of New Mexico. In 1680 the Spanish were driven from New Mexico by the Pueblo Indian revolt. They reconquered the region in 1692, and Santa Fe was again occupied in 1693. Zebulon M. Pike explored the area for the U.S. government in 1807, but Spain did not relinquish control until 1821, when the region came under Mexican control. Trade with the United States over the Santa Fe Trail began soon thereafter. Stephen W. Kearny led U.S. troops in occupying Santa Fe during the Mexican War (1846).

New Mexico was ceded to the United States in 1848, and Santa Fe became the territorial capital in 1851; it remained the capital when New Mexico achieved statehood in 1912. During the American Civil War, Santa Fe was briefly occupied by Confederate forces in 1862. The city's economy benefited from the establishment, in the early 1940s, of major U.S. atomic research facilities at nearby Los Alamos. Population (1980) 48,953; (1990) 55,859.
Quoted from Encarta 1994 Edition

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